Modern hip resurfacing was introduced in 1990s as an alternative for standard total hip replacement (THR) in younger patients. This procedure has following differences compared to a standard THR.
Metal on metal hip resurfacing produces metal ions which circulate in the blood. No definite adverse effects from these metal ions have been shown so far. However, resurfacing is not generally advocated in young and child bearing women. There is also a small risk of hip fracture following this operation and hence not recommended in women over 60 years and people suffering from osteoporosis.
Please refer to total hip replacement section for further details regarding preoperative preparation, operative procedure, and recovery.