Unicondylar Knee Replacement

What is Unicondylar Knee Replacement?

Unicondylar or partial knee replacement is an alternative to total knee replacement surgery for the patients suffering from osteoarthritis with the damage confined to only one compartment of the knee joint. It is a minimally invasive technique to replace only the damaged area with the implant. It is more beneficial to take out a specific area rather than replacing the whole knee cap.
This procedure helps to preserve the natural state of ligaments and muscles. The latter fact helps one have a more natural feeling.

Why Unicondylar Knee Replacement Surgery?

If you visit the doctor with knee pain, they might suggest some non-surgical process to heal the pain. The non-surgical methods include Oral anti inflammatory drugs, they help you to reduce the swelling in your knee you can lessen stiffness and pain.
The doctor might also recommend using heat therapy to reduce swelling and joint pain
.
The steroid injections therapy treatment involves injection of steroid medical medication to reduce pain and inflammation in the knee and the last one is physiotherapy. Physiotherapy for joint pains comprises a tailored exercise program designed to strengthen the muscles around your joint, improve mobility and reduce the pain.

If the forms of pain relief mentioned above do not effectively subside the pain in your knee, then it is advisable to immediately see an Orthopedic Surgeon for the knee replacement surgery.

There are numerous symptoms to see a Surgeon immediately for the partial knee surgery:

  • Knee pain while exercising and Walking.
  • Knee pain during sex.
  • Stiffness and Restriction of movement.
  • Knee pain at night
  • Knee swelling and redness.
  • Limited relief through non-surgical techniques
These symptoms are caused by various reasons.
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • A Knee fracture
  • Septic Arthritis

This technology re-assures the patients and allows them to focus on proper rehabilitation and exercises. It offers quicker recovery, reduced hospital stay and a faster return to work post surgery. It provides longer lasting results.

What happens during the surgery?

Robotics- assisted surgery allows the surgeons to be more specific while choosing and implanting a prosthesis. It significantly helps to enhance the accuracy of the procedure.
Instead of predetermined angles and measurements to plan the procedure,an advanced software helps the surgeon to mark the correct place for the individual joint.

This accuracy helps to improve long- term patient satisfaction after the surgery. With traditional methods, the repeat surgery is comparatively higher. There might be inaccuracy in the way the knee moves, the alignment of the knee, rotational profile or subtle changes in the ligament balance.

With robotic assisted knee surgery, the new knee is more like their own , more moveable and natural.

Post Operative Care

Every individual’s healing journey is different. But it will be affected by following factors:

  • How active the individual was before the surgery.
  • The day to day activities.
  • Nature of employment.
  • Age of an individual.

Although the person might recover sooner than the patient recovering from the surgery performed through the traditional techniques; it is advisable for the patients to consult their doctors before starting any rigorous activity.

Risks

As with any major surgical procedure, there are certain potential risks and complications involved with Robotic surgery but it is less than 1%. The possible complications after the surgery include:

  • Infection
  • A Blood Clot
  • Scarring
  • Swelling
  • Haemarthrosis
  • Damage to nerves
  • Fracture

It is an intermediate surgery. It is often performed as a day care procedure where the patients are discharged on the same day of the surgery. It is the most successful surgery in terms of treating the minor ailments. It is a tailored treatment plan with more accuracy.

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